Did you know that almost 10 percent of pregnant women in the United States are troubled by Gestational Diabetes every year? This does not mean that the condition has been caused due to any pregnancy issues or that you got this disease before conceiving.
It also does not indicate the fact that you will suffer from the same after giving birth. Having said that, you will obviously face some complications and changes in your body due to gestational diabetes. Let’s understand in detail.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs in pregnant women who do not suffer from diabetes. In this condition, there is a rise in the blood sugar levels of pregnant women.
The condition is categorized into two classes- A1 and A2. A1 gestational diabetes can be treated through a healthy diet and exercise, whereas, A2 type of gestational diabetes needs to be managed with medications and insulin.
The condition does not stay after your pregnancy but can lead to complications in your baby’s health. It also increases the risk of having type 2 diabetes in your body.
What Are The Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?
The condition does not show any prior symptoms that can indicate to you about the disease. Most likely, you will only find out about the condition during one of your routine screenings in your pregnancy. However, you may feel the following things-
🛑You will eat more than usual or feel more hungry.
🛑You will have more of an urge to drink water.
🛑You will have the urge to urinate more.
What are the causes of gestational diabetes?
There is no sure evidence that shows the solid causes of gestational diabetes. However, according to researchers, being overweight before getting pregnant could be one of the reasons. Another possible reason could be several hormones acting up to change your blood sugar levels.
The pancreas releases insulin. Insulin is a hormone that leads to the movement of glucose from the blood to your cells, which is then used as energy. However, there is a build-up of glucose in your blood during pregnancy, that is caused by the placenta. It leads to rising blood sugar levels if your body does not make enough insulin to stop the same. This leads to gestational diabetes.
What are the risk factors of gestational diabetes?
There are several aspects that can lead to gestational diabetes. Let’s have a look at those-
🔸You will get gestational diabetes if you are overweight before pregnancy.
🔸If your blood sugar levels are higher than normal.
🔸If you have a family history of diabetes.
🔸You are likely to develop the condition if you have polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS.
🔸If you have any issues related to insulin.
🔸One of the risk factors of the condition is high cholesterol and blood pressure levels.
🔸If you have any medical complications or heart disease, you may develop this condition.
🔸There are chances of developing gestational diabetes if you have ever had a miscarriage.
🔸If your previous pregnancy had any complications.
Treatment for gestational diabetes
When it comes to the prevention of gestational diabetes, you can try the following methods-
👉Maintain a healthy diet- Positive changes in diet can actually help your body a lot. Include food items that are highly rich in fiber and low in calories and fat. Take as many fruits and vegetables as you can. Do not stick to any particular diet and experiment with healthy food to achieve your nutrients.
👉Don’t gain weight before pregnancy- If you are planning to conceive and have extra fat in your body, try to lose that before getting pregnant. It will lead you to have a healthy pregnancy. This can be achieved through changes done in your everyday diet as well as lifestyle routines.
👉Maintain blood sugar levels- You must take care of your blood sugar levels if you are planning to get pregnant and throughout your pregnancy with a glucose meter. It should be 95mg/dl or less before a meal, 140 mg/dl or less an hour after the meal, and 130 mg/dl or less after 2 hours of your meal.
Gestational diabetes can lead to consequences if you do not take care of the condition when you have time. If not, it may take the shape of type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, there are ways in which you can handle this condition.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is one of the major ways in which you can reverse the condition. Do not eat anything that can lead to an increase in your body. You should take professional help and understand which food items or what exercise can make your condition better. Take control of your body and start with the prevention methods as soon as you can.