How Hypertension, Heart disease, And Stroke Are Related?

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Hypertension can be a big reason for heart disease or stroke if you ignore it. As a result, you may suffer from plaque which causes the arteries to illiberal.

Heart disease, Hypertension, And Stroke: How Are They Related?

Hypertension or high blood pressure damages the lining of arteries. Hypertension, heart disease, and stroke are the different types of circumstances.

How Hypertension Heart disease And Stroke Are Related

What Is Hypertension? Hypertension Symptoms And Causes!

When the pressure of blood goes against a person’s arteries is higher than normal, hypertension or high blood pressure occurs from there. The blood pressure of a person can increase and decrease throughout the day.

High blood pressure can be the reason for various health concerns. There are two types of blood pressure: the first one is systolic and the second is diastolic. The normal pressure of blood goes less than 120 millimeters of mercury systolic and less than 80 millimeters of mercury diastolic.


According to the centers for disease control and prevention a person will probably never notice any kind of sign of high blood pressure. If a person wants to know whether he or she has hypertension or not, it is necessary to measure their blood pressure.

If you notice the following symptoms, you will perhaps experience the following-

  • Headaches start in the early morning 
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Heart rhythms irregularly 
  • Changes the vision 
  • Buzzing in the ears

Intense hypertension can cause:

  • Fatigue 
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion 
  • Anxiety 
  • Chest pain 
  • Muscle tremors 

What Is Heart Disease?

Hearts disease can refer to various kinds of conditions that directly affect the heart of a person. There are several types of heart disease that can occur, including-

  • Coronary artery disease 
  • Heart attack 
  • Heart failure 

According to the centers for disease control and prevention, coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common form of heart disease. It can affect the blood flow to the heart. You will experience a heart attack if your heart does not get enough blood. According to a study, nearly 659,000 people in the US die from a heart attack.


A person having heart disease may not experience any symptoms until they experience a heart attack, heart failure, or arrhythmia.

The symptoms of heart attack are :

  • Upper back or neck pain 
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness 
  • Indigestion 
  • Heartburn 
  • Chest pain 
  • Vomiting
  • Extreme fatigue 
  • Breathing problem 
  • Discomfort in the upper chest 

Symptoms of Arrhythmia are a person may experience an odd feeling in the chest which is also known as palpitations.

Symptoms of heart failure: A person having heart failure may experience the following-

  • Fatigue 
  • Breathing problem 
  • Swelling in the feet, legs, ankles, abdomen, or veins of the neck

What Is Stroke?

A stroke occurs when the brain becomes blocked which is led by the arteries. This happens when the brain is unable to receive oxygen-rich blood. For this reason, brain cells and arteries go to die.

A study by the American heart association said stroke is the fifth main reason for death.


When a stroke is experienced by a person, they may notice one or more symptoms, including 

  • Suddenly heavy headache starts for no known reason 
  • Sudden confusion, trouble understanding speech, or trouble speaking 
  • Suddenly feeling weakness in the leg, arm, or face or particularly one side of your body
  • Suddenly seeing trouble in one or both eyes

Similarities of risk factors:

Though each condition is different they share some similar risk factors, including 

  • Lack of exercise 
  • Meals with a high amount of salt
  • Obesity problem 
  • Smoking 
  • Having diabetes 

Although hypertension itself is one of the risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

How Are These Conditions Connected?

According to CDC when a person has hypertension, the risk of heart disease and stroke will increase. High blood pressure is the reason to damage the artery walls. A stroke or heart attack will happen if any blockage occurs near the heart. 7 people in 10 experience heart attack and 8 people in 10 experience stroke also have hypertension.

About Tim Mathew

Tim Mathew is an Endocrinologist specialized in general endocrinology, diabetes, and lipid metabolism. He earned his Bachelor’s degree in a science-related discipline and completed a medical school program in New York. Once Tim Mathew quoted that Endocrinology is both a challenging and rewarding medical specialty, so he wants to specialize in it. To know more about Tim Mathew kindly go through our about page.

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